drugs, drug addiction
These terms generally refer to illegal drugs, although the social significance of alcohol, tobacco, and tranquillizers should be noted (for example regarding health). The diverse origins of illegal drugs include natural plants and manufactured synthetics. Research shows that patterns of use, behaviour, and subjective experience will be influenced by particular properties of drugs but also by social factors, such as culture and expectations (see, for example. Institute for the Study of Drug Dependence, London, Drug Abuse Briefing, 1991). Most commonly used is cannabis, but greatest social concern is aroused by heroin, and more recently crack/cocaine, LSD, amphetamine, and Ecstasy. Prohibitions on drug use are relatively recent; use of opiates as remedies and intoxicants was common during the nineteenth century (see, Opium and the People, 1987).
The concept of addiction is unhelpful: it suggests a dependency with grave consequences for the individual and society. Not all drug-users develop dependency nor do such consequences inevitably follow; the term ‘problem drug-user’ is therefore increasingly favoured. Regarding crime , the dominant thesis is that regular drug use, coupled with the illegality of supply, forces users to commit crime to pay for drugs; however, whether drug use leads to involvement in crime, or involvement in delinquent life-styles introduces a person to drug use, is debated. HIV transmission via shared syringes has encouraged the aim of minimizing harm associated with use, challenging the traditional pursuit of abstinence. Calls for decriminalization are regularly made, but legislative change seems unlikely, at least in the short term.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Drugs — baked potato beeper boy brown bagging chillout cosmetic neurology cuddle puddle drailing drunk dial …   New words

  • drugs — narcotics, opiates, etc., 1883, from DRUG (Cf. drug) …   Etymology dictionary

  • drugs — The problem of drug abuse, the use of drugs for pleasure, is common in Britain and the US, especially among young people, but using drugs is illegal in both countries. Most teenagers try drugs before they leave school, and many of them use drugs… …   Universalium

  • Drugs —    The use of drugs has spread in Dutch society during recent decades. Because of drug related diseases and other side effects, such as prostitution and criminal activities by addicts, the author ities were forced to develop a coherent policy.… …   Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands

  • drugs — n. 1) to take drugs 2) to peddle, push, sell, traffic in (illicit) drugs 3) hard; soft drugs 4) illegal, illicit drugs * * * illicit drugs push sell soft drugs traffic in (illicit) drugs …   Combinatory dictionary

  • drugs — (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) Medicinal substances Nouns 1. drugs; therapeutic drugs (see remedy); drug or substance abuse; drug addiction, [chemical] dependency, physical or psychological dependence, habit, reverse tolerance; glue… …   English dictionary for students

  • Drûgs — Drúedain Dans l œuvre de J.R.R. Tolkien, les Drúedain (singulier Drúadan), ou Hommes des Bois, sont une race d humains comptés parmi les Edain. Ils sont présents en Beleriand aux côtés du peuple de Haleth en forêt de Brethil au Premier Âge, à… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • drugs barons — ➡ drugs * * * …   Universalium

  • drugs czar — ➡ drugs * * * …   Universalium

  • DRUGS — (Roget s Thesaurus II) Index drugs noun bender, drug (2), drunkard, drunkenness, kick adjective drugged, drunk verb befuddle …   English dictionary for students

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”